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Andorra

Geography

Andorra is a small country in southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France. Once isolated, it is currently a prosperous country mainly because of tourism and its status as a tax haven. It has the highest life expectancy in the world, at 83.52 years (2007 est).

Capital: Andorra la Vella

Language: Catalan

Currency: euro (€)


Climate

Andorra's climate is similar to its neighbors' temperate climates, but its higher altitude means there is on average more snow in winter and it is slightly cooler in summer. Summer is a delightful time to trek in Andorra; nights can be chilly up high but July days are satisfyingly warm, averaging around 26°C (79°F) in the valleys. Winters are, in general, invigoratingly dry, chill yet sunny, with average temperatures between -1°C (30°F) and 6°C (43°F).

Geography

Befitting its location in the eastern Pyrenees mountain range, Andorra consists predominantly of rugged mountains of an average height of 1996 meters with the highest being the Coma Pedrosa at 2946 meters. These are dissected by three narrow valleys in a Y shape that combine into one as the main stream, the Valira river, leaves the country for Spain (at Andorra's lowest point of 870 m).