Facts About Pet Transport Safety

henry with his travel crateLearn More About Cargo Pet Travel

Cargo or cabin? Ground transportation or excess baggage? One of the most common and emotionally charged questions we receive is about how pets travel.

Many people are surprised to find out that PetRelocation recommends cargo travel for pets, but in our experience the more you learn about how air cargo transportation works, the clearer it becomes that this really is the best option for your most precious passengers.

As you research the safest pet travel options, here's a look at the facts about pet air travel and the pros and cons of the various methods of transit available.

Facts About Pet Air Travel Via Cargo

  • Some airlines are more pet friendly than others, so do some research as you plan your pet's trip and check with a pet travel expert to see which carrier they recommend based on your origin and destination.

  • An airline that is “pet safe” signals that employees are specifically trained to handle animals and they follow a last on, first off policy. This means pets are given priority, they are transported in temperature controlled vehicles, and they are never left to sit on the tarmac.

  • Check-in occurs at the airlines' cargo facility and pets are tracked during each stage of their their journey.

  • The cargo area is pressure and temperature controlled.

  • Pets do not need to travel on the same flight as the pet owner and they're not attached to the ticket of their pet owner, which makes it easier for people to plan their own travel routes.

  • This method tends to be more expensive because of the higher standards of care involved. Also, the larger your pet is, the more the ticket will be because the freight prices is based on the combined weight of the pet and their kennel.

  • PetRelocation books all pets' travel via manifest cargo (barring very special circumstances).


Myths About Cargo Travel

Though you may have come across various news stories that make cargo travel sound remarkably unsafe for pets, when you examine the numbers, this simply isn't the case. According to the last Department of Transportation report released on this matter, about 2 million pets flew in 2014 and there was a negative incident rate of about .0022%.

Pet authorities like the Humane Society have said that pet air travel via cargo should be avoided at all costs, but this stance seems to be based on outdated or inaccurate information. Contrary to what many people believe, the cargo area where pets are placed is pressure and temperature controlled just like the cabin, and pet safe airlines are dedicated to making sure pets have a safe experience and aren't just treated as luggage. (See above and read more about flying pets safely here.)

Facts About Pet Air Travel Via Excess Baggage

  • Check-in occurs at the main terminal and pets must be accompanied by their owner and fly on the same flight.

  • Airline requirements vary, so check the carrier's website carefully or give them a call to find out exactly what to expect.

  • Airline employees will handle pets and haven't necessarily received special training about how to do so.

  • Pets may be moved with general cargo and may spend more time waiting on the tarmac.

  • This option is cheaper—usually about $100 - $200 in addition to the passenger's ticket.

  • Temperature restrictions usually apply (since there is no “pet safe” system in place, which includes having temperature controlled vehicles on hand, pets can't travel if it's too hot or too cold).

cat travel crate

Reasons Excess Baggage Travel Isn't Ideal for Pets

Many people think it's better to have a pet attached to their own ticket, but if a pet is bumped from the flight (which happens more than you might think), this creates serious complications that can be difficult to deal with on your own. International pet travel is stressful enough without adding in additional unknown variables—just ask Biko, the subject of a recent NPR story.

Also, this option simply isn't as safe because pets are not given the attention and priority they receive when traveling with a pet safe cargo operator. The airlines that do not offer excess baggage for pets are doing it for good reason, and they tend to be the carriers who are the most devoted to safe pet travel.

For example, in a step to be more pet friendly and transparent, Delta recently discontinued their pets-as-excess-baggage policy. Though the media sometimes paint this as a negative decision because it limits pet owners' options, we think it's a positive move that will ultimately lead to more pets having better experiences when they fly.

Gabo and Family

Pet Air Travel in the Cabin

To be accepted, pets must fit underneath the airline seat in an airline-approved travel kennel, so this option is only available for small pets. Also, not all routes allow cabin travel (no matter how small your pet is), including many international routes.

Many pet owners understandably think that keeping their pet in sight is always the best option, but the noise and chaos of the cabin can often be more stress-inducing to a pet than the more predictable cargo area.

A Note About Ground Transportation

We receive quite a few domestic travel inquiries from pet owners hoping to book ground transportation. We currently don't offer this as an option and consider it less than ideal for a few reasons:

  • Ground travel almost always takes much longer than air travel and can be more stressful for the pet.

  • Finding reputable agents available and willing to drive from your origin to your destination can be tricky (this is probably not a situation where you want to settle for a non-vetted driver discovered on Craigslist).

  • Ground travel tends to be very expensive because you're paying one or more people for several hours or days of their time, and you'll also need to factor in gas and possible hotel costs.

  • Sometimes ground transport is the only option (perhaps you have a snub-nosed breed that simply can't fly, for example). In this case, we recommend using IPATA.org to locate a trustworthy ground transportation agent.

bob the cat in his travel crate

PetRelocation's Recommendation

For our clients and for pets in general who are flying, we recommend cargo travel on a pet safe airline. This method provides the safest and least stressful experience for pets, which is our number one priority (and probably yours, too).

We have flown thousands of pets safely via cargo during the last 10+ years—read some of their stories here and find out more about U.S. DOT reporting statistics here.

Still have questions? Contact us to discuss how to help your pet move safely!


PetRelocation Team


Air Travel, Airlines, Airports, News


Cats, Dogs


United States, UK, Australia, EU, South America


Add a Comment

By Gabriela Hennigan on April 29, 2018 at 12:18 am

Hi, I would like to transport a 1 year old labrador from Dublin Ireland to Poland and want to know which airlines allow pets:- given the size of a large dog, he will need to travel as cargo - i want to see if i can travel by ryanair on the same day or do i need to travel on the same flight with him - what is difference in price for the dog transport in all the airlines operating from ireland to poland - what is the cost of travelling by ferrythank you

By Christina at PetRelocation on April 30, 2018 at 4:43 pm

Hi Gabriella! We have a comprehensive pet-friendly airline guide that may help you figure out which one makes most sense for you.

For pricing and routing, you can visit the airline websites, which are linked from each of our booking guides. Since we deal almost exclusively with air travel, we aren't able to provide ferry pricing, but recommend reaching out to a local company that provides this mode of transportation or contacting a local IPATA pet shipper that may have experience moving pets that way. Happy travels!

By Courtney Lambert on April 18, 2018 at 10:56 am

I am needing to fly my two cats (6 months old) from Liberia Costa Rica to Austin Texas the beginning of July. Can someone please let me know how this can be done. I have a vet that can do all the international paperwork. I just can’t have them in the cabin with me. Thanks Courtney

By Maegan at PetRelocation on April 19, 2018 at 3:59 pm

Hi Courtney, Thanks for reaching out to us! Here are the requirements for moving pets to Costa Rica.We'd love to help with your kitties move. In order to connect you with a consultant, please fill out our Arrange A Move Form here. Looking forward to speaking with you soon!

By Hady najem on April 7, 2018 at 2:47 pm

Hello, i want to ship a dog i bought online from hungary to lebanon can i know about the cost and all tje procesures? I might open a business sgipping many dogs from there later Thank you My number is 009613440352

By Maegan at PetRelocation on April 9, 2018 at 10:00 am

Hi Hady, Thanks for your question! In order for us to assist, please fill out our . Arrrange A Move form and it will connect you with a sales consultant to walk through the costs & logistics. Thanks!

By Stephani on March 29, 2018 at 3:56 am

I'm trying to get my little Chihuahua from the United States by Seattle Washington to Australia I have been working with the Vets getting everything done I just need to know how much it is to get him for the travel part and need someone to help me with the table apart from Seattle Washington to Melbourne Australia to the quarantine

By Christina at PetRelocation on April 4, 2018 at 5:27 pm

Hi Stephani! We are happy to help with this, and even have a dedicated Australia team that specializes in moving pets there. If you could please fill out this form at your convenience, a relocation consultant will contact you as soon as possible!

By Angie on February 14, 2018 at 5:41 pm

Hi! I want to know how much from singapore to china? What are the requirements to travel a dog ( toy poddel). And all other procedure and price. Thanks

By Christina at PetRelocation on February 15, 2018 at 9:32 am

Hi Angie! If you fill out this form, one of our relocation consultants can contact you with information on the planning process and estimated costs for this move. Thanks!

By Giselle on January 13, 2018 at 6:26 am

What would be the cost to transport my dog 31 pounds from Panama Central America to Miami Fl. USA? .And wgat would I have to do?

By Christina at PetRelocation on January 15, 2018 at 12:02 pm

Hi Giselle! If you can provide some more information by filling out our Arrange a Move form, one of our pet relocation consultants will contact you to discuss your move and answer any questions. Thank you!

By Zdenek Rokos on December 31, 2017 at 9:04 am

Hello! I would like to transport a puppy from Prague, CZ to Toronto, ON., in late February. What would be the cost? Thank you.

By Christina at PetRelocation on January 2, 2018 at 9:16 am

Hello Zdenek!

We’d be happy to provide a quote but need a little more information first. If you fill out our Arrange a Move form one of our relocation consultants will contact you shortly! Please note that we have a 16-weeks and older policy for puppies, so he will need to be at least that old by that time in order for us to relocate him. Thanks!

By aniela on December 17, 2017 at 8:34 pm

Good Evening I will move to Poland . Wit may dogs Great Pyrenees and Pyrador __Labrenees This are Big Dogs 80 and 85 Lbs I am so NOT Millioner just retire old women I safe for this moving for many years Looking for not so expensive company what will be able deliver may beloved dogs to may new country Bat I can nor find any ting below $5000.00 Sum of company ask even almost $7000.00 This is almost 10 airline tickets for person !!! you Ship offer Over $5000.00 and hey say I can bit this price . Bat they don t sent me any window for do this Sum bury tell me that I can find company what can do this services for lit over $1200,00 if you now what cine company do this Please let me now ! Thank you !

By Christina at PetRelocation on December 18, 2017 at 11:26 am

Hi Aniela,

Thank you for reaching out to us with your question! Your most cost-effective option for safely moving your dogs would be a local pet shipper listed in the IPATA (International Pet and Animal Transportation Association) directory. Unfortunately, it can be very expensive to move large dogs like the Great Pyrenees, but you may be able to find a more economical quote using this resource. Best of luck with your move—hope this helps!

Add a Comment

Name is required

Email is required and must be in the format email@domain.com

Comment is required

Back to top