Learn More About Cargo Pet Travel
Cargo or cabin? Ground transportation or excess baggage? One of the most common and emotionally charged questions we receive is about how pets travel.
Many people are surprised to find out that PetRelocation recommends cargo travel for pets, but in our experience the more you learn about how air cargo transportation works, the clearer it becomes that this really is the best option for your most precious passengers.
As you research the safest pet travel options, here's a look at the facts about pet air travel and the pros and cons of the various methods of transit available.
Facts About Pet Air Travel Via Cargo
Some airlines are more pet friendly than others, so do some research as you plan your pet's trip and check with a pet travel expert to see which carrier they recommend based on your origin and destination.
An airline that is "pet safe" signals that employees are specifically trained to handle animals and they follow a last on, first off policy. This means pets are given priority, they are transported in temperature controlled vehicles, and they are never left to sit on the tarmac.
Check-in occurs at the airlines' cargo facility and pets are tracked during each stage of their their journey.
The cargo area is pressure and temperature controlled.
Pets do not need to travel on the same flight as the pet owner and they're not attached to the ticket of their pet owner, which makes it easier for people to plan their own travel routes.
This method tends to be more expensive because of the higher standards of care involved. Also, the larger your pet is, the more the ticket will be because the freight prices is based on the combined weight of the pet and their kennel.
PetRelocation books all pets' travel via manifest cargo (barring very special circumstances).
Myths About Cargo Travel
Though you may have come across various news stories that make cargo travel sound remarkably unsafe for pets, when you examine the numbers, this simply isn't the case. According to the last Department of Transportation report released on this matter, about 2 million pets flew in 2014 and there was a negative incident rate of about .0022%.
Pet authorities like the Humane Society have said that pet air travel via cargo should be avoided at all costs, but this stance seems to be based on outdated or inaccurate information. Contrary to what many people believe, the cargo area where pets are placed is pressure and temperature controlled just like the cabin, and pet safe airlines are dedicated to making sure pets have a safe experience and aren't just treated as luggage. (See above and read more about flying pets safely here.)
Facts About Pet Air Travel Via Excess Baggage
Check-in occurs at the main terminal and pets must be accompanied by their owner and fly on the same flight.
Airline requirements vary, so check the carrier's website carefully or give them a call to find out exactly what to expect.
Airline employees will handle pets and haven't necessarily received special training about how to do so.
Pets may be moved with general cargo and may spend more time waiting on the tarmac.
This option is cheaper -- usually about $100 - $200 in addition to the passenger's ticket.
Temperature restrictions usually apply (since there is no "pet safe" system in place, which includes having temperature controlled vehicles on hand, pets can't travel if it's too hot or too cold).
Reasons Excess Baggage Travel Isn't Ideal for Pets
Many people think it's better to have a pet attached to their own ticket, but if a pet is bumped from the flight (which happens more than you might think), this creates serious complications that can be difficult to deal with on your own. International pet travel is stressful enough without adding in additional unknown variables -- just ask Biko, the subject of a recent NPR story.
Also, this option simply isn't as safe because pets are not given the attention and priority they receive when traveling with a pet safe cargo operator. The airlines that do not offer excess baggage for pets are doing it for good reason, and they tend to be the carriers who are the most devoted to safe pet travel.
For example, in a step to be more pet friendly and transparent, Delta recently discontinued their pets-as-excess-baggage policy. Though the media sometimes paint this as a negative decision because it limits pet owners' options, we think it's a positive move that will ultimately lead to more pets having better experiences when they fly.
Pet Air Travel in the Cabin
To be accepted, pets must fit underneath the airline seat in an airline-approved travel kennel, so this option is only available for small pets. Also, not all routes allow cabin travel (no matter how small your pet is), including many international routes.
Many pet owners understandably think that keeping their pet in sight is always the best option, but the noise and chaos of the cabin can often be more stress-inducing to a pet than the more predictable cargo area.
A Note About Ground Transportation
We receive quite a few domestic travel inquiries from pet owners hoping to book ground transportation. We currently don't offer this as an option and consider it less than ideal for a few reasons:
Ground travel almost always takes much longer than air travel and can be more stressful for the pet.
Finding reputable agents available and willing to drive from your origin to your destination can be tricky (this is probably not a situation where you want to settle for a non-vetted driver discovered on Craigslist).
Ground travel tends to be very expensive because you're paying one or more people for several hours or days of their time, and you'll also need to factor in gas and possible hotel costs.
Sometimes ground transport is the only option (perhaps you have a snub-nosed breed that simply can't fly, for example). In this case, we recommend using IPATA.org to locate a trustworthy ground transportation agent.
For our clients and for pets in general who are flying, we recommend cargo travel on a pet safe airline. This method provides the safest and least stressful experience for pets, which is our number one priority (and probably yours, too).